In today’s hustle and bustle society, families are not developing the way they used to. In the past people met at a young age, got married, and were starting their families before they were 25. Not so much anymore. With men and women developing their careers, sometimes the thought of raising a family doesn’t enter the picture until they’re in their 30s or beyond. This creates the need for advanced reproductive methods that didn’t exist in the past.
When men and women reach their late 30s and early 40s, it is not as easy to get pregnant as it was when they were younger. Men’s sperm counts go down, and women may not produce as many eggs as they used to. So medicine has adapted ways to assist people who are having difficulty bearing children. Two of these methods are artificial insemination and In vitro fertilisation. Both of these are considered assisted reproduction or reproduccion asistida.
The first is commonly used in women who are having problems getting pregnant with their primary significant other. The male’s sperm can be introduced to the egg directly at the most precise time. Preparation is very important so that the couple will know the perfect time to perform this procedure. In many cases this can be done without medical supervision, but some couples choose to have this done professionally to increase the odds of success. Artificial insemination or inseminacion artificial can also be a choice if the male cannot produce sperm of his own. In that case a donor’s sperm would be provided after careful research was done to find the best match. This has also been a decision for lesbian couples who wish to raise a child of their own.
The second method is In vitro fertilisation, which is similar to the previous except for the fact that the egg is fertilized outside of the body. The egg is removed from the woman’s uterus and fertilized in a laboratory environment. It is placed in a liquid solution along with the male sperm where the conception process takes place in around five days. The fertilized egg is then placed back in the woman’s uterus where it will develop naturally. This method is also used for couples who have a difficult time conceiving as well as those who need a sperm donation to complete the process.
While both these techniques may seem simple enough on paper, there are many factors which must be taken into consideration before they are employed. First off, the age of the mother must be looked at in great detail. After careful physical examination it must be determined if the woman is healthy enough to carry a baby to term. Then, the ovulation cycle must be carefully documented and studied to provide the best windows of opportunity for conception. This is important to provide success at the earliest possible chance, as well as the fact that these procedures can be very expensive, and doctors and patients alike want the greatest chance of success for all parties involved.
Over the years, there is been controversy and protests over these and similar methods of childbearing. There are religious groups that think that any method beyond regular male/female relations should be banned. Then there are those clinics here and abroad that are not licensed for this type of medicine, but will perform the procedures illegally a discounted price. There has been legislation put into place to make it easier for couples and single mothers alike to take advantage of these methods without having to resort to extreme means. This ever-changing world puts a lot of demands on us as individuals and a society, so sometimes the desire to raise a family doesn’t come to us until later in life. We have to look at these two methods and others as a way to offer the opportunity to people who might not otherwise have a chance to bring children into this world.